• Oksana Vovkodav
Keywords: abstractness, linguistics, philosophy, concreteness, abstract noun


In linguistics in the twentieth century. the anthropocentric paradigm came to the fore, within which the attention and interest of researchers shifts from the object of knowledge to the subject, that is, linguistics focused on the study of a person, linguistic personality in all its manifestations. Despite the long-running debate over whether consciousness determines language or whether language determines our consciousness, it is generally accepted that there is a profound interaction between language and thought that cannot be ignored. The environment exists in the human mind in the form of concepts or logical categories and is fixed in the language in the form of tokens. In this regard, abstract nouns are of particular interest because they do not reflect the world visible and tangible, but its properties, signs, actions. The article analyzes the concept of "abstractness" from a linguistic point of view, but the philosophical basis affects the understanding of the concept in general. Philosophers (Aristotle, Boethius, Lewis S. Foyer, Plato) thoroughly interpret the concept of "abstract". In linguistics, the concept of abstraction denotes properties, qualities, states, actions that exist in themselves, separately. However, a certain abstract noun acquires a specific meaning in the presence of context and the corresponding subject, which the abstract token describes. Comparison of concrete and abstract is observed at all levels of language structure, and the number of abstract words is a significant indicator of the level of language development in general. Language - the direct reality of thought, which in the definitions of concepts verbally fixes the definition of reality. Reality is understood not simply as a set of "single things", but as organized concreteness.


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How to Cite
Vovkodav, O. (2022). ABSTRACT VOCABULARY AS AN INTERSCIENTIFIC PROBLEM. Anglistics and Americanistics, 1(19), 50-63. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15421/382206