TEACHING VOCABULARY TO INTERMEDIATE EFL STUDENTS MAJORING IN ENGLISH WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF COMMUNICATIVE METHODOLOGY: PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS


  • Liudmila Lukianenko
Keywords: communicative methodology, mixed-ability classes, group work, functional vocabulary, receptive vocabulary, receptive-reproductive exercises, productive relativelycommunicative exercises, communicative competence, addition, adaptation, replacement

Abstract

The article is dedicated to problems of teaching vocabulary to intermediate EFL students majoring in English within the framework of communicative methodology. Some ways of solving these problems are suggested. The problem of teaching vocabulary in mixedability classes is paid special attention to. It can partially be solved by applying the system of learning in small groups, which satisfies the communicative principle in teaching foreign languages. Group work enables mixed-ability students to assimilate new vocabulary while performing communicative tasks. The problem of imbalance between learners’ functional and receptive vocabularies can be overcome by doing various receptive-reproductive and productive relatively-communicative exercises. Special role is played by exercises which develop students’ functional vocabulary at the practice and retention stages of vocabulary acquisition. Using reading and listening as effective means of teaching a foreign language, EFL teachers should create a set of pre-reading, pre-listening, post-reading and postlistening activities which can help students not only enlarge their vocabulary but also increase communicative competence. The problem of a lack of a perfect coursebook can be avoided by using available manuals creatively. Adding some materials which extend students’ engagement with the target language, adapting some tasks on the basis of reading texts which do not promote the development of learners’ functional vocabulary, replacing some activities with authentic materials can completely change the atmosphere of classes, which will help learners use the new words while communicating with each other in different situations.

References

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2. Hubbard, Peter, et al. A Training Course for TEFL. Oxford: OUP, 1998. Print.
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4. Nation, Paul. Learning Vocabulary in Another Language. Cambridge: CUP, 2001.
5. Newton, Jonathan. “Options for Vocabulary Learning through Communicative Tasks.” ELT Journal 55.1 (2001): 30-37. Print.
6. Schmitt, Norbert. Vocabulary in Language Teaching. Cambridge: CUP, 2000. Print.
7. Ur, Penny. A Course in Language Teaching. Practice and Theory. Cambridge: CUP, 2003. Print.
Published
2017-09-15
How to Cite
Lukianenko, L. (2017). TEACHING VOCABULARY TO INTERMEDIATE EFL STUDENTS MAJORING IN ENGLISH WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF COMMUNICATIVE METHODOLOGY: PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS. English and American Studies, (14), 75-83. Retrieved from https://anglistika.dp.ua/index.php/AA/article/view/195
Section
ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING