• Ella Honcharenko
  • Lyudmila Baisara
  • Elena Besarab
  • Natalia Styrnik
  • Anna Kryvosheia
Keywords: PhD education, scientific research, PhD student, researcher, academic paper, peer-reviewed journal, Roadmap


The main objective of this study is to show how Ukrainian PhD students should write an academic paper in English. It aims to provide a clear and understandable picture of the essential moves in the form of Academic Paper Roadmap. This is supposed to lead to the fulfillment of the main objective: to carry out the research by Ukrainian PhD students and justify its further practical value. The material for the present research is based on the theoretical works of the well-known internationally recognized scholars. The research reveals the main patterns of a good academic paper presented in this work in the form of tables: Abstract moves, Introduction moves, Methods moves, Results, Novelty, Discussion,Conclusion and Summary moves. This piece of work highlights the urgent need for such kind of guidelines. The authors of the presented paper came to the conclusion that the Roadmap is one of the most effective mechanisms for planning, doing literature review, analyzing and generalizing, choosing the proper methods of research, demonstrating and evaluating the findings. The Roadmap is a detailed instruction for those who are learning to write academic papers in English.


1. Кострова Л. І. Третій цикл вищої освіти у Європі (ключові індикатори організації та втілення) / Л. І. Кострова. – Докторські програми в Україні: досвід
НаУКМА / Нац. Ун-т “Києво-Могилян. Акад.” [В. Моренець та інші]; за ред. В. П. Моренця. – К. : Університет. вид-во «Пульсари», 2010. – 160 с.
2. Hall G. M. How to Write a Paper / G. M. Hall. – Third edition. – BMJ Publishing Group, 2003. – 157 p.
3. How to Write a Swalesian Introduction [Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу: h t t p : / / w w w. w i k i h o w. c o m /Wr i t e - a -Swalesian-Introduction.
4. Lim J. M. H. Method Sections of Management Research Articles: A Pedagogical Motivated Qualitative Study. English for Specific Purposes / J. M. H. Lim. – The American University. – Published by Elsevier Ltd., 2006. – P. 282–309.
5. Norris C. B. Academic Writing in English. Language Services / C. B. Norris. – University of Helsinki, 2016. – 85 p.
6. Swales J. M. Research Genres: Explorations and Applications / J. M. Swales. – Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2004. – 314 p.
7. Swales J. M. Academic Writing for Graduate Students: Essential Tasks and Skills / J. M. Swales, C. B. Feak. – Ann Arbor (Mich.) : The University of Michigan Press, 2004. – 432 p.
8. Swales J. M. Genre Analysis: English in Academic and Research Settings / J. M. Swales. – Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990. – 260 p.
9. Weissberg R. Writing Up Research: Experimental Research Report Writing for Students of English / R. Weissberg, S. Buker. – Englewood Cliffs. NJ : Prentice-Hall, 1990. – 202 p.
10. Yakhontova T. V. English Academic Writing for Students and Researchers / T. V. Yakhontova. – Вид. 2-ге. – Львів : ПАІС, 2003. – 220 с.
11. Yang R. Research Articles in Applied Linguistics: Moving From Results to Conclusions. English for Specific Purposes / R. Yang, D. Allison. – Published by Elsevier Ltd., 2003. – P. 365–385.
How to Cite
Honcharenko, E., Baisara, L., Besarab, E., Styrnik, N., & Kryvosheia, A. (2018). HOW TO WRITE AN ACADEMIC PAPER IN ENGLISH (ROADMAP AS A GUIDE FOR PHD STUDENTS). English and American Studies, (15), 51-60. Retrieved from